Disproportionate Minority Contact with Juvenile Justice Essay

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Disproportionate Minority Contact with Juvenile Justice Essay




Students will write a 10-12-page research paper (not including the cover page, abstract or reference page) exploring an area of interest related to child welfare practice or policy. Students will be graded based on the rubric provided. The paper will be on the same topic that was submitted on the Special Topics Paper Plan Assignment.

Instructions: Write a paper that will be graded as follows:

1) The paper uses proper APA formatting and includes a cover page, abstract, and a reference page. The paper uses appropriate headings. The paper should be edited and well written (clear focus, logical development, correct use of grammar. The paper should use headings.

2) The paper must be 10-12 pages in length not including the cover page, abstract, and reference page. The paper includes a minimum of 5 peer reviewed journal articles.

3) The paper provides an introduction/overview of the topic that is the focus of the paper.

4) The paper provides detailed information about the topic.

5) The paper discusses at least one law or policy that relates to the topic issue.

6) The paper discusses how the topic informs current child welfare practices including specific recommendations for child welfare professionals and child welfare systems )


7) The paper provides a conclusion that summarizes the paper




Children and adolescents of color are disproportionately represented in the juvenile justice system as compared to their white counterparts. The DCM mandate has failed to address the role of other factors outside the juvenile and criminal justice systems that contribute to the overrepresentation of children and adolescents of color in the juvenile justice system. This task focuses on the role of poverty and disproportionate school discipline in contributing to racial disparity in the juvenile justice system. Children of color are more likely to live in poverty, concentrated neighborhoods characterized by violence and high crime rates. High level of poverty and lack of social control pushes these children coping subcultures such as gangs, drug dealing, and prostitution. These children living in poverty concentrated neighborhoods also experience physical and mental health-related issues that contribute to the develop of delinquent behaviors. Similarly, children of color are treated harshly and are more likely to be suspended or expelled from school than their white counterparts. The harsh discipline practice pushes them out of school and increases the risk of contact with the juvenile justice system. There is a need for the juvenile system to use diversion programs and advocate for the needs of children of color to reduce recidivism and their contact with the juvenile justice system.



Jonson-Reid, M., Drake, B., & Zhou, P. (2013). Neglect subtypes, race, and poverty: Individual, family, and service characteristics. Child maltreatment18(1), 30-41. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559512462452

Mallett, C. A. (2018). Disproportionate minority contact in juvenile justice: Today’s, and yesterdays, problems. Criminal justice studies31(3), 230-248. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1478601X.2018.1438276

McCarty, A. T. (2016). Child poverty in the United States: A tale of devastation and the promise of hope. Sociology compass10(7), 623-639. https://doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12386

Riddle, T., & Sinclair, S. (2019). Racial disparities in school-based disciplinary actions are associated with county-level rates of racial bias. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences116(17), 8255-8260. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808307116

Wurgaft, H. L. (2014). The Federal Disproportionate Minority Contact Mandate: An Examination of Its Effectiveness in Reducing Racial Disparities in Juvenile Justice. Master’s thesis Bowdoin College. Available at: https://digitalcommons.bowdoin.edu/honorsprojects/…



Thesis Statement


Literature Review

Measuring DMC

Limitations of RRI

Status offenses


Disproportionate School Discipline

Strategies for Reducing DCM



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