Part 3:Critical Appraisal Of Research

Part 3:Critical Appraisal Of Research

Assignment: Evidence-Based Project, Part 3: Critical Appraisal of Research
Realtors rely on detailed property appraisals—conducted using appraisal tools—to assign market values to houses and other properties. These values are then presented to buyers and sellers to set prices and initiate offers.
Research appraisal is not that different. The critical appraisal process utilizes formal appraisal tools to assess the results of research to determine value to the context at hand. Evidence-based practitioners often present these findings to make the case for specific courses of action.
In this Assignment, you will use an appraisal tool to conduct a critical appraisal of published research. You will then present the results of your efforts.
To Prepare:
· Reflect on the four peer-reviewed articles you selected in Module 2 and the four systematic reviews (or other filtered high- level evidence) you selected in Module 3.
· Reflect on the four peer-reviewed articles you selected in Module 2 and analyzed in Module 3.
· Review and download the Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template provided in the Resources.
The Assignment (Evidence-Based Project)
Part 3A: Critical Appraisal of Research
Conduct a critical appraisal of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected by completing the Evaluation Table within the Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template. Choose a total of four peer- reviewed articles that you selected related to your clinical topic of interest in Module 2 and Module 3.
Note: You can choose any combination of articles from Modules 2 and 3 for your Critical Appraisal. For example, you may choose two unfiltered research articles from Module 2 and two filtered research articles (systematic reviews) from Module 3 or one article from Module 2 and three articles from Module 3. You can choose any combination of articles from the prior Module Assignments as long as both modules and types of studies are represented.
Part 3B: Critical Appraisal of Research
Based on your appraisal, in a 1-2-page critical appraisal, suggest a best practice that emerges from the research you reviewed. Briefly explain the best practice, justifying your proposal with APA citations of the research.
By Day 7 of Week 7
Submit Part 3A and 3B of your Evidence-Based Project.
Submission and Grading Information
To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:
· Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK7Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
· Click the Week 7 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
· Click the Week 7 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
 
Required Readings
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2018). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
· Chapter 5, “Critically Appraising Quantitative Evidence for Clinical Decision Making” (pp. 124–188)
· Chapter 6, “Critically Appraising Qualitative Evidence for Clinical Decision Making” (pp. 189–218)
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010a). Evidence-based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part I. American Journal of Nursing, 110(7), 47–52. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000383935.22721.9c
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010b). Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part II: Digging deeper—examining the “keeper” studies. American Journal of Nursing, 110(9), 41–48. doi:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000388264.49427.f9
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B. M., Stillwell, S. B., & Williamson, K. M. (2010c). Evidence-based practice, step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: Part III: The process of synthesis: Seeing similarities and differences across the body of evidence. American Journal of Nursing, 110(11), 43–51. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000390523.99066.b5
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Williamson, K. M. (2009). Evidence-based practice: Critical appraisal of qualitative evidence. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 15(3), 202–207. doi:10.1177/1078390309338733
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
 
Preferred articles peer reviewed articles , pls two from this group
#1. Al Danaf, J., Chang, B. H., Shaear, M., Johnson, K. M., Miller, S., Nester, L., & Aboumatar, H. J. (2018). Surfacing and addressing hospitalized patients’ needs: Proactive nurse rounding as a tool. Journal of nursing management26(5), 540-547. Retrieved from https://doi-org/10.1111/jonm.12580
Article#2. Kirk, K., & Kane, R. (2016). A qualitative exploration of intentional nursing round models in the emergency department setting: Investigating the barriers to their use and success. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25 (910), 1262-1272.
https://doi-org./10.1111/jocn.13150
Article#3 Morgan, L., Flynn, L., Robertson, E., New, S., Forde‐Johnston, C., & McCulloch, P. (2017). Intentional rounding: a staff‐led quality improvement intervention in the prevention of patient falls. Journal of Clinical Nursing26(1-2), 115-124. Retrieved from
https://doi-.org/10.1111/jocn.13401
Preferred Systemic reviewed articles, please critically appraise two from this group
Article #4 Christiansen. A., Coventry, A., Graham, R., Jacob, E., Twigg. D. & Whitehead, L.(2018).
Intentional rounding in acute adult healthcare settings: A systematic mixed-method review. Journal of Clinical Nursing 27(9-10) p.1759-1792. https://doi-org/10.1111/jocn.14370
 
Article #5 Sims, S., Leamy, M., Davies. N., Schnitzier, K., Levenson,,R., Mayer, F., Grant, R., Gourlay, S., Ross,  F., & Harris, R (2018). Realist synthesis of intentional rounding in hospital wards: Exploring the evidence of what works, for whom, in what circumstances and why.  BMJ Quality and Safety 9 (743-752).   https://doi-org.10.1136/brmjqs-2017-006757
Article #6Toole, N., Mekuskey, T., & Hall, N. ( 2016). A systemic review :barriers to hourly rounding.
  Journal of Nursing Management 24(3),283-290.   https://doi-org/10.1111/jonm.12332  
SAMPLE OF TEMPLATE

( Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template )

Evaluation Table
 
Use this document to complete the evaluation table requirement of the Module 4 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 4A: Critical Appraisal of Research
 
 

Full APA formatted citation of selected article. Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
   
 
 
 
     
Evidence Level *
(I, II, or III)
 
       
Conceptual Framework
 
Describe the theoretical basis for the study (If there is not one mentioned in the article, say that here).**
 
 
 
 
 
     
Design/Method
 
Describe the design and how the study was carried out (In detail, including inclusion/exclusion criteria).
       
Sample/Setting
 
The number and characteristics of
patients, attrition rate, etc.
 
 
 
 
 
     
Major Variables Studied
 
List and define dependent and independent variables
 
 
     
Measurement
 
Identify primary statistics used to answer clinical questions (You need to list the actual tests done).
       
Data Analysis Statistical or
Qualitative findings
 
(You need to enter the actual numbers determined by the statistical tests or qualitative data).
       
Findings and Recommendations
 
General findings and recommendations of the research
       
Appraisal and Study Quality
 
 
Describe the general worth of this research to practice.
 
What are the strengths and limitations of study?
 
What are the risks associated with implementation of the suggested practices or processes detailed in the research?
 
What is the feasibility of use in your practice?
       
 
 
Key findings
 
 
 
       
 
 
Outcomes
 
 
 
       
General Notes/Comments  
 
 
 
 
 
     

 
 
* These levels are from the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Evidence Level and Quality Guide

( Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template )

Evaluation Table
 
Use this document to complete the evaluation table requirement of the Module 4 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 4A: Critical Appraisal of Research
 
 

Full APA formatted citation of selected article. Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
   
 
 
 
     
Evidence Level *
(I, II, or III)
 
       
Conceptual Framework
 
Describe the theoretical basis for the study (If there is not one mentioned in the article, say that here).**
 
 
 
 
 
     
Design/Method
 
Describe the design and how the study was carried out (In detail, including inclusion/exclusion criteria).
       
Sample/Setting
 
The number and characteristics of
patients, attrition rate, etc.
 
 
 
 
 
     
Major Variables Studied
 
List and define dependent and independent variables
 
 
     
Measurement
 
Identify primary statistics used to answer clinical questions (You need to list the actual tests done).
       
Data Analysis Statistical or
Qualitative findings
 
(You need to enter the actual numbers determined by the statistical tests or qualitative data).
       
Findings and Recommendations
 
General findings and recommendations of the research
       
Appraisal and Study Quality
 
 
Describe the general worth of this research to practice.
 
What are the strengths and limitations of study?
 
What are the risks associated with implementation of the suggested practices or processes detailed in the research?
 
What is the feasibility of use in your practice?
       
 
 
Key findings
 
 
 
       
 
 
Outcomes
 
 
 
       
General Notes/Comments  
 
 
 
 
 
     

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* These levels are from the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Evidence Level and Quality Guide
 
· Level I
Experimental, randomized controlled trial (RCT), systematic review RTCs with or without meta-analysis
 
· Level II
Quasi-experimental studies, systematic review of a combination of RCTs and quasi-experimental studies, or quasi-experimental studies only, with or without meta-analysis
 
· Level III
Nonexperimental, systematic review of RCTs, quasi-experimental with/without meta-analysis, qualitative, qualitative systematic review with/without meta-synthesis
· Level IV
Respected authorities’ opinions, nationally recognized expert committee/consensus panel reports based on scientific evidence
· Level V
Literature reviews, quality improvement, program evaluation, financial evaluation, case reports, nationally recognized expert(s) opinion based on experiential evidence
 
 
**Note on Conceptual Framework
 
· The following information is from Walden academic guides which helps explain conceptual frameworks and the reasons they are used in research. Here is the link https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/library/conceptualframework
 
· Researchers create theoretical and conceptual frameworks that include a philosophical and methodological model to help design their work. A formal theory provides context for the outcome of the events conducted in the research. The data collection and analysis are also based on the theoretical and conceptual framework.
 
· As stated by Grant and Osanloo (2014), “Without a theoretical framework, the structure and vision for a study is unclear, much like a house that cannot be constructed without a blueprint. By contrast, a research plan that contains a theoretical framework allows the dissertation study to be strong and structured with an organized flow from one chapter to the next.”
 
· Theoretical and conceptual frameworks provide evidence of academic standards and procedure. They also offer an explanation of why the study is pertinent and how the researcher expects to fill the gap in the literature.
 
· Literature does not always clearly delineate between a theoretical or conceptual framework. With that being said, there are slight differences between the two.
 
References
 
 
The Johns Hopkins Hospital/Johns Hopkins University (n.d.). Johns Hopkins nursing dvidence-based practice: appendix C: evidence level and quality guide. Retrieved October 23, 2019 from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/evidence-based-practice/_docs/appendix_c_evidence_level_quality_guide.pdf
 
Grant, C., & Osanloo, A. (2014). Understanding, Selecting, and Integrating a Theoretical Framework in Dissertation Research: Creating the Blueprint for Your” House”. Administrative Issues Journal: Education, Practice, and Research, 4(2), 12-26.
 
Walden University Academic Guides (n.d.). Conceptual & theoretical frameworks overview. Retrieved October 23, 2019 from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/library/conceptualframework

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